Bare hands grab the stem of a large plant.

Polina Kanis, The Friendship Tree, 2021. Single-channel video,16 min. Selected by ММОМА (Moscow Museum of Modern Art), Moscow

The Friendship Tree was an ideological project of Soviet bio-engineering. Back in 1934, when Fyodor Zorin, a Soviet scientist, was seeking to develop new, hardy citrus fruits, he planted a wild lemon tree in the botanical garden in Sochi. Then he grafted other fruits onto its crown: Japanese mandarins, Spanish oranges, Chinese kumquats, Italian lemons, grapefruits and more, up to a total of 45 different citrus varieties. A tradition grew up: new grafts added to the tree by prominent figures: politicians, artists, scientists, astronauts, athletes. Today there are more than 630 of these additional shoots, representing 167 different countries. The grafting ritual is mirrored by the gifts sent from all over the world.

The Friendship Tree’s growth is not only physical. Since it was planted, it has also become a monument to our shared, global Earth. This video explores a utopian vision of political and ecological symbiosis—something which remains unattainable to this day. It shows a group of people living in a world where both the planet and the individual are transformed. Finding themselves in the situation of earth-without-us, they come together to recognize and mourn their humanity.

Artist Q&A

Where are you from and how did you become interested in moving image work?

I am from St. Petersburg, moved to Moscow, and now I’m based in the Netherlands. I have graduated from Rodchenko Art School majoring in moving image, though I have started studying photography. I have realized that moving image is a more challenging medium for me and allows me to develop the potential of my projects further. I can’t say I only work with moving image, though it always stays a significant element of my projects.

What inspired/influenced you to make the work?

In order to resist the prevailing structures, resistance itself must be interrogated. Challenging the notion of action and resistance is prerogative to reorient the definition of dissent. Rather than buying into the dichotomy of “to act” or to remain “passive,” a new space must be forged. Responding to my ongoing work with the non-event, an un-suspenseful stasis, my proposed artistic work is a Toothless Resistance.

One of many starting points to this project is The Friendship Tree in the Tsentralny City District of Sochi, southern Russia, which symbolizes the context of failed global utopia. 167 nation states are represented by donated sprigs of citrus trees that have been grafted together to form one monstrous, artificial whole. This “living symbol” of global unity is human-centric with no consideration of the process from the position of the tree itself. How can this tree be sensed in order to transition from one planetary gaze to another? I found it an important case for reconsideration of the resistance and the dichotomy of the action and resistance.


Polina Kanis was born in 1985 in Leningrad and graduated from the Rodchenko Art School, Moscow, in 2011. That same year she was awarded the Kandinsky Art Prize in the Best Young Artist category. In 2016 Kanis received the Sergey Kuryokhin Award in the Media Object category. Her work has been featured in numerous solo and group exhibitions, film festivals and screenings, including a solo show in Haus der Kunst Munich (2017), VISIO program in Palazzo Strozzi in Florence (2019), the parallel program of Manifesta 10, the 2015 edition of the Ural Industrial Biennial of Contemporary Art, Garage museum of Contemporary Art (2014, 2018), VI Moscow International Biennale for Young Art (2015), Moscow International Experimental Film Festival (2016/2018), Hamburg Short Film Festival (2019) and many others. Polina Kanis is based in Amsterdam, the Netherlands.