Black and white image of a person seen from the shoulders up and facing the camera, but eyes turned down. The background is a blurred image of a landscape with diagobal lines from left to right.

Kiri Dalena, Mag-uuma (Farmer), 2014. Single-channel, 2 min. Selected by MCAD, Manila

Mag-uuma (Farmer) (2014) features a young female dissenter from Mindanao whose performance during a peasant demonstration caught the attention of filmmaker and visual artist Kiri Dalena. After agreeing to document the song she sang during the rally, Dalena filmed the young woman in the middle of a rice field while farmers submerged knee-deep in paddies continued to plant. However, the young woman performed another song, compelling those around her to take pause and listen. This song of protest which she sings in the video is an old ballad learned from her mother, its verses speaking of a history of exploitation and poverty, circumstances that continue to cast a shadow on their community and personal lives.

Artist Q&A

Where are you from and how did you become interested in moving image work?

I am based in Metro Manila now, but for some time I have been based outside of the city. I first became interested in moving image work when I was still a student in the University of the Philippines in Los Baños and I was slowly finding my way into the larger world. With the camera, I did not feel lost and felt that I had a center when I was framing and recording what was happening around me.

What inspired/influenced you to make the work?

I have worked as a human rights volunteer, and what is normally expected of me in peasant communities is to document incidents of human rights abuses. These are often in the form of interviews and testimonies about specific incidents, quantifiable and useful in paralegal work. Songs such as “Mag-uuma” do not serve this same purpose, but I am inspired to make them because they can hold something more, they can awaken something that I thought was impossible or, rather, intangible, like hope.


Kiri Dalena (Filipino, b. 1975) is a visual artist and filmmaker whose body of work confronts the underlying social conflicts in contemporary Philippine society. Articulating certain realities of injustice and inequality, Dalena’s deep understanding of the mass struggle greatly influences her artistic practice, depicting forms and histories of civil resistance. Her works assert the importance of protest and activism against state persecution. She participated in Berlin Biennale 11: The Crack Begins Within, KW Institute for Contemporary Art, ExRotaprint (2020); JIWA: Jakarta Biennale 2017, Gudang Sarinah Ekosistem, Jakarta (2017); and Singapore Biennale: If the World Changed, Singapore Art Museum (2013).