A. Quincy Jones
Building for Better Living
May 25, 2013 - September 8, 2013
- A. Quincy Jones Sidney and Frances Brody House, view of entrance. Los Angeles, California. 1948-1950 Photograph by Jason Schmidt, 2012.
- A. Quincy Jones, Whitney Smith, and Edgardo Contini, Architects and Engineer. Schneidman House, Mutual Housing Association (Crestwood Hills) 1946-50 Photograph by Jason Schmidt, 2012. Courtesy Hammer Museum, Los Angeles.
- A. Quincy Jones and Frederick E. Emmons, Architects. Jones and Emmons office building 1954-55 (phase 1), 1957-59 (addition) Jason Schmidt, photographer. Courtesy Hammer Museum, Los Angeles.
- A. Quincy Jones, Whitney Smith, and Edgardo Contini, Architects and Engineer. Gross House, Mutual Housing Association (Crestwood Hills) 1946-50 Photograph by Jason Schmidt, 2012. Courtesy Hammer Museum, Los Angeles.
- A. Quincy Jones and Associates, Architects. Warner Bros. Records building 1971-75 Photograph by Jason Schmidt, 2012. Courtesy Hammer Museum, Los Angeles.
- A. Quincy Jones and Frederick E. Emmons, Architects. Milton S. Tyre House 1951-54 Photograph by Jason Schmidt, 2012. Courtesy Hammer Museum, Los Angeles.
A. Quincy Jones: Building for Better Living is the first major museum retrospective of the Los Angeles-based architect’s work and pays special attention to the unique collaborative nature of his practice. The exhibition is presented as part of the larger Getty-sponsored initiative Pacific Standard Time Presents: Modern Architecture in L.A. Archibald Quincy Jones (1913–1979), who was known as Quincy, practiced architecture in Los Angeles from 1937 until his death in 1979. A quiet modernist and dedicated architecture professor at the University of Southern California, Jones worked to bring a high standard of design to the growing middle class by reconsidering and refining postwar housing and emphasizing cost-effective, innovative, and sustainable building methods. In addition, Jones is among the first architects of this period to view developments as an opportunity to build community through shared green spaces, varied home models, and non-grid site planning. Jones is credited with over 5,000 built projects, most of which still exist today, as the clients and homeowners shared Jones’s compassion for ‘better living.’ Known by architects for designing from the inside out, Jones’s homes and buildings are celebrated for expansive interior spaces, thoughtful and efficient building layouts, and a reverence for the outdoors, which still resonates in contemporary design today. A. Quincy Jones: Building for Better Living is organized by guest curator Jennifer Dunlop Fletcher, Head of Department/Associate Curator of Architecture + Design at the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art.
ABOUT THE EXHIBITION
The exhibition and the accompanying publication are significant additions to the field of architecture history as they illuminate Jones’s largely under-recognized contributions to late mid-century modern architecture and planning. To demonstrate Jones’s ability to work at many scales and across a wide variety of building types, the exhibition is organized thematically. On view in Gallery 4 of the Hammer, the exhibition groups similar architectural typologies together to give a sense of how he designed to enhance the use of a building—the groupings include community developments, large-scale single family homes, work spaces, churches, schools, and libraries. In addition, a central space will be dedicated to mapping Jones’s collaborative practice, which was often aligned with corporate sponsors, developers, and design colleagues with a shared goal of improving livable space not just for economic gain but for societal betterment as well.
The show draws from significant design collections including Jones’s personal and professional archives, which are housed at UCLA in the Charles E. Young Research Library’s Department of Special Collections. The exhibition presents original architectural drawings, a rare Case Study House model, and vintage photographs by Julius Shulman, Ernest Braun and other notable photographers of the period. The architectural drawings include a range of sketches, architectural plans, and exquisite perspective and axonometric drawings by Jones and associate architects in Jones and Frederick E. Emmons’s office, including Kaz Nomura. New photography of many of the projects, which the Hammer commissioned from the photographer Jason Schmidt, are also included in the exhibition with a few key images enlarged to close to actual scale in order to give the visitor a sense of a physical experience of Jones’s architecture.
Jones is equally well-known for the glamorous homes he designed for clients like the actor Gary Cooper and the art collectors Frances and Sidney Brody, as he is for his sensitive and modest housing developments built in the 1950s and 1960s. From 1946 to 1950 Jones worked with a collaborative team of other architects, engineers, and landscape architects to design the Mutual Housing Association of Crestwood Hills, a unique housing cooperative of more than 160 homes in Los Angeles’s Santa Monica Mountains. Additionally, with his professional partner Frederick E. Emmons, Jones designed many Eichler Homes developments in California around San Francisco and Los Angeles. Easy-going and ambitious, Jones worked closely and often with other designers, including architects Paul R. Williams, Frederick Emmons, Whitney Smith, and Edgardo Contini; landscape architects Garrett Eckbo and Thomas Church; developer Joseph Eichler; and interior designer William Haines, among others, throughout his career.
In addition to residential architecture, A. Quincy Jones also designed churches, restaurants, libraries, university buildings, schools, and commercial buildings. Jones prioritized the spatial experience of each building’s interior space, used lightweight structural systems, and had an interest in ‘greenbelt planning,’ making him a premier architect for the residential developments and corporate campuses that flourished during the post-war period. He constantly experimented with materials including steel, plywood, and masonry block construction and put particular emphasis on the siting of buildings to ensure access to light, air, ventilation, and views.
Projects include work for John Entenza’s Case Study House program, Sasha Brastoff ceramics factory, USC’s Annenberg School of Communications, expanded headquarters for furniture manufacturer Herman Miller, and a Tiny Naylor’s restaurant and bar. Notable built projects around Los Angeles, which are still in use, include St. Michael and All Angels Episcopal Church (Studio City, 1962) and the Northridge Congregational Church (Northridge, 1962), both of which feature soaring interior spaces that utilize laminated timber construction, and the headquarters for Warner Bros Records (Burbank, 1975), which brought the warmth of materials associated with the domestic scale to a large office building.
The exhibition will be accompanied by a comprehensive illustrated publication entitled A. Quincy Jones: Building for Better Living. Featuring a portfolio of Jason Schmidt’s new photographs, the book is edited by Brooke Hodge, co-published with DelMonico Books/Prestel and includes essays by Jennifer Dunlop Fletcher; Hodge; Mayer Rus, the West Coast editor of Architectural Digest; and Hammer Curatorial Fellow Ellen Donnelly.
PACIFIC STANDARD TIME PRESENTS: MODERN ARCHITECTURE IN L.A.
A. Quincy Jones: Building for Better Living is presented as part of Pacific Standard Time Presents: Modern Architecture in L.A., a collaborative celebration of the city’s modern architectural heritage through exhibitions and programs at cultural institutions in and around L.A. Designed to continue the momentum of Pacific Standard Time: Art in L.A. 1945–1980, 2011’s sweeping initiative that included exhibitions and programs at 60 arts institutions across Southern California, Pacific Standard Time Presents: Modern Architecture in L.A. will be smaller in scope, comprising eleven exhibitions and accompanying programs and events organized by the exhibition venues and eight additional programming partners from April through July 2013. Supported by grants from the Getty Foundation, Modern Architecture in L.A. is a wide-ranging look at the postwar built environment of the city as a whole, from its famous residential architecture to its vast freeway network, revealing the city’s development and ongoing impact in new ways. Additional information is available at www.pacificstandardtimepresents.org.
Major support for the exhibition has been provided by the Getty Foundation. The exhibition received significant funding from Alice and Nahum Lainer.
Generous support has also been provided by The Brotman Foundation of California; Ronnie Sassoon; The Fran and Ray Stark Foundation; Chara Schreyer; and UCLA Library Special Collections; with additional support provided by the Graham Foundation for Advanced Studies in the Fine Arts; and Lewis Baskerville.
KCRW 89.9 FM is the official media sponsor of the exhibition.
A. Quincy Jones: Building for Better Living is part of Pacific Standard Time Presents: Modern Architecture in L.A. This collaboration, initiated by the Getty, brings together seventeen local cultural institutions from April through July for a wide-ranging look at the postwar built environment of the city as a whole, from its famous residential architecture to its vast freeway network, revealing the city’s development and ongoing impact in new ways.